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<citations>
  <patent-citations>
    <patcit load-source="docdb" ucid="WO-1994005639-A1">
      <document-id format="epo">
        <country>WO</country>
        <doc-number>1994005639</doc-number>
        <kind>A1</kind>
      </document-id>
      <sources>
        <source name="SEA" created-by-npl="N"/>
      </sources>
    </patcit>
  </patent-citations> 
  <non-patent-citations>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Cerovsky a kol. (2008) Peptides 29, 992-1003</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Krishnakumari a Nagaraj (1997) J. Peptide Res. 50, 88-93</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Kuhn-Nentwig (2003) Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60, 2651-2668</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Otvos a kol. (2000) J. Peptide Sci. 6, 497-511</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
  </non-patent-citations>
</citations>


Citations are provided for the following countries: AT, AU, BE, CH, CN, DK (from 1965), EP, ES, FR, GB, KR, JP, LU, NL, RU, TW, US (from 1948), and WO. Rich citation data (which includes PCT search report-type passages, categories, and claim information) is available for all searches made at the EPO.

Citations are reported with the document to which they are related.

technical-data/citations/patent-citations/patcit

AttributeDescription
dnumDocument number
dnum-typeDocument number type. Populated with "application" if the citation refers to an application. If no dnum-type is present, then the citation is referencing a publication.
ElementDescription
textMay be populated when document information has not been parsed into document-id, e.g., PCT/JP2014/052879
document-idUnique identifier of the document being cited. See below for details.
sourcesSource of the citation
cit:rel-passageRelevant passage within the cited document
cit:categoryIndicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.
cit:rel-claimsRelevant claims within the cited document
corresponding-docsPatent document-ids and NPL reference numbers embedded in NPL citations

patent-citations/patcit/document-id

Element

INID

Description

country

56

Country of the publication being cited. Country is represented by a standard 2-character code based on WIPO ST.3.

doc-number

56

Document number of the publication being cited. doc-number is generally provided in DocDB-normalized format. An exception to this is made for WO documents, where the doc-number is normalized to YYYYnnnnnn. 

Patent document numbering is a complex subject, as the examples below illustrate:


Patent Authority

Patent Number

US

3732068


RE31783

US (Plant)

5382

US (Design)

D436240

EP

0129539

WO

1985000002

JP

60000013


2006000022

DE

3244404


For a complete discussion of document numbers over time and over multiple authorities, see: Number format concordance - publication numbers at 
https://www.epo.org/searching-for-patents/helpful-resources/data/tables/regular.html.

kind

56

Kind code of the publication being cited. The kind code is used to designate the publication stage of the document, including whether it is a published application or a granted patent. See ST.16.

rel-passage56Relevant passage within the cited document

patent-citations/patcit/sources/source

Attribute

Description

name

Indicates when or by whom the citation was made. See Citation Sources for a list of sources.

created-by-nplY|N. "Y" indicates a patent citation that has been extracted from a non-patent source such as a journal or gazette.

category

Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.

patent-citations/patcit/cit:rel-passage/cit:passage

ElementDescription
cit:ppPage numbers within cited work
cit:ppfCited document page first
cit:pplCited document page last
cit:columnColumn numbers within cited work
cit:colfCited document column first
cit:collCited document column last
cit:paraReferenced paragraph within cited work
cit:parafCited document paragraph first
cit:paralCited document paragraph last
cit:lineReferenced line within cited work
cit:linefCited document line first
cit:linelCited document line last
cit:claimCited claim
cit:figureCited figure
cit:exampleCited example
cit:tableCited table
cit:sequenceCited sequence
cit:compoundCited compound
cit:bookmarkCited bookmark

technical-data/citations/non-patent-citations/nplcit

Element

INID

Description

Example

text

56

Unstructured: the text may be a bibliographic reference to a book, journal, thesis, etc.; a reference to a database record; or a "See also" reference to a related publication.

RADLER et al., "Structure of DNA-Cationic Liposome Complexes: DNA Intercalation in Multilamellar Membranes in Distinct Interhelical Packing Regimes", SCIENCE, 07 February 1997, Vol. 275, pages 810-814, XP002924042.

sources
Source of the citation
cit:article
Article citation within a host document
cit:book
Book citation
cit:online
Online citation
cit:othercit
Other citation
cit:source-doc
Patent number extracted from the non-patent literature citation
cit:rel-passage
Relevant passage within the cited document

column 2, lines 18-27; table I, RI-80, RI-103

cit:category
Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.Y
cit:rel-claims
Relevant claims within the cited document1,24-27
corresponding-docs
Patent document-ids and NPL reference numbers embedded in NPL citations

The following sub-elements may occur within the elements listed above:

ElementDescription
cit:authorAuthor
cit:atlArticle title
cit:subnameSubordinate responsibility
subname-typeType of subordinate responsibility, e.g., editor, translator, or other-subname-type
cit:serialSerial citation data
cit:newsgroupNews group
cit:sertitleSerial title
cit:alttitleAlternate title for serial
cit:issueIssue designation
cit:imprintImprint
cit:pubdatePublication date
cit:sdateStart date used in pubdate 
cit:edateEnd date used in pubdate 
cit:timeTime of publication
cit:descripPhysical description of a book or serial
cit:notesNotes about the serial
cit:pubidPublisher's unique identifier
cit:vidVolume identifier/number
cit:inoIssue number
cit:doiDigital Object Identifier
cit:issnInternational Standard Serial Number
cit:isbnInternational Standard Book Number
cit:cpyrtCopyright info
cit:absnoAbstract number
cit:locationLocation of the reference within the cited work
cit:classClass
cit:keywordKeywords
cit:artidUnique article identifier
cit:srchdateDate of search/retrieval
cit:refnoReference number
cit:book-titleTitle of the cited book
cit:conferenceConference citation
cit:conftitleConference title
cit:confnoConference number
cit:confplacePlace of conference
cit:confsponsorConference sponsor
cit:subtitleBook subtitle
cit:editionEdition statement
cit:seriesSeries statement
cit:mstMonographic series title
cit:msnMonographic series number
cit:serpartPart within a serial or book, or the book part
cit:sersectSerial section or book, or the book part
cit:chapterChapter, normally in a book
cit:ppPage numbers within cited work
cit:columnColumn numbers within cited work
cit:paraReferenced paragraph within cited work
cit:lineReferenced line within cited work
cit:booknoBook number
cit:online-titleTitle within electronic resource
cit:hosttitleTitle of the host document/database
cit:historyHistory of the article
cit:receivedDate article was received
cit:acceptedDate article was accepted
cit:revisedDate article was revised
cit:miscMiscellaneous information relating to the history of the article
cit:hostnoNumeration within host document
cit:availAvailability and access
cit:datecitDate cited
cit:srchtermSearch terms


Further Reading

For information about the SOLR search fields associated with this container, see Citations. 

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