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<citations>
  <patent-citations>
    <patcit load-source="docdb" ucid="WO-1994005639-A1">
      <document-id format="epo">
        <country>WO</country>
        <doc-number>1994005639</doc-number>
        <kind>A1</kind>
      </document-id>
      <sources>
        <source name="SEA" created-by-npl="N"/>
      </sources>
    </patcit>
  </patent-citations> 
  <non-patent-citations>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Cerovsky a kol. (2008) Peptides 29, 992-1003</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Krishnakumari a Nagaraj (1997) J. Peptide Res. 50, 88-93</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Kuhn-Nentwig (2003) Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60, 2651-2668</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Otvos a kol. (2000) J. Peptide Sci. 6, 497-511</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
  </non-patent-citations>
</citations>


Citations are provided for the following countries: AT, AU, BE, CH, CN, DK (from 1965), EP, ES, FR, GB, KR, JP, LU, NL, RU, TW, US (from 1948), and WO. Rich citation data (which includes PCT search report-type passages, categories, and claim information) is available for all searches made at the EPO.

Citations are reported with the document to which they are related.

technical-data/citations/patent-citations/patcit

AttributeDescription
dnumDocument number
dnum-typeDocument number type. Populated with "application" if the citation refers to an application. If no dnum-type is present, then the citation is referencing a publication.

patent-citations/patcit/document-id

Element

INID

Description

country

56

Country of the publication being cited. Country is represented by a standard 2-character code based on WIPO ST.3.

doc-number

56

Document number of the publication being cited. doc-number is generally provided in DocDB-normalized format. An exception to this is made for WO documents, where the doc-number is normalized to YYYYnnnnnn. 

Patent document numbering is a complex subject, as the examples below illustrate:


Patent Authority

Patent Number

US

3732068


RE31783

US (Plant)

5382

US (Design)

D436240

EP

0129539

WO

1985000002

JP

60000013


2006000022

DE

3244404


For a complete discussion of document numbers over time and over multiple authorities, see: Number format concordance - publication numbers at 
https://www.epo.org/searching-for-patents/helpful-resources/data/tables/regular.html.

kind

56

Kind code of the publication being cited. The kind code is used to designate the publication stage of the document, including whether it is a published application or a granted patent. See ST.16.

rel-passage56Relevant passage within the cited document

patent-citations/patcit/sources/source

Attribute

Description

name

Indicates when or by whom the citation was made. See Citation Sources for a list of sources.

created-by-nplY|N. "Y" indicates a patent citation that has been extracted from a non-patent source such as a journal or gazette.

category

Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.

technical-data/citations/non-patent-citations/nplcit

Element

INID

Description

Example

text

56

Unstructured: the text may be a bibliographic reference to a book, journal, thesis, etc.; a reference to a database record; or a "See also" reference to a related publication.

RADLER et al., "Structure of DNA-Cationic Liposome Complexes: DNA Intercalation in Multilamellar Membranes in Distinct Interhelical Packing Regimes", SCIENCE, 07 February 1997, Vol. 275, pages 810-814, XP002924042.

Further Reading

For information about the SOLR search fields associated with this container, see Citations. 

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