Citations are provided for the following countries: AT, AU, BE, CH, CN, DK (from 1965), EP, ES, FR, GB, KR, JP, LU, NL, RU, TW, US (from 1948), and WO. Rich citation data (which includes PCT search report-type passages, categories, and claim information) is available for all searches made at the EPO.
Citations are reported with the document to which they are related.
|dnum-type||Document number type. Populated with "application" if the citation refers to an application. If no |
Country of the publication being cited. Country is represented by a standard 2-character code based on WIPO ST.3.
|Document number of the publication being cited. |
Patent document numbering is a complex subject, as the examples below illustrate:
Kind code of the publication being cited. The kind code is used to designate the publication stage of the document, including whether it is a published application or a granted patent. See ST.16.
|rel-passage||56||Relevant passage within the cited document|
Indicates when or by whom the citation was made. See Citation Sources for a list of sources.
|created-by-npl||Y|N. "Y" indicates a patent citation that has been extracted from a non-patent source such as a journal or gazette.|
Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.
Unstructured: the text may be a bibliographic reference to a book, journal, thesis, etc.; a reference to a database record; or a "See also" reference to a related publication.
RADLER et al., "Structure of DNA-Cationic Liposome Complexes: DNA Intercalation in Multilamellar Membranes in Distinct Interhelical Packing Regimes", SCIENCE, 07 February 1997, Vol. 275, pages 810-814, XP002924042.
For information about the SOLR search fields associated with this container, see Citations.